대피소의 형상은 마치 두개의 망원경을 붙여 놓은 것처럼 두개의 육각형태가 대칭을 이룬다. 점점 작아지는 대피소의 단부에는 외부를 바라볼 수 있도록 전창이 설치된다.
내부에 마감된 스위스 소나무는 이곳을 방문하는 등산객들에게 포근하고 안락한 보금자리와 같은 분위기를 형성한다. 가운데 위치한 테이블을 중심으로 각 3개의 레벨(단)이 형성되어, 평상시에는 마주보고 앉는 좌식의자로 사용된다. 야간시에는 누워 휴식을 취할 수 있는 침대로 사용된다.
positioned just a few meters from the summit of dormillouse on the french-italian border, architects michele versaci and andrea cassi have designed ‘the black body mountain shelter’. formed to provide a safe refuge for hikers whilst creating an ‘optical device’, the small timber construction is nestled into the alpine landscape to frame views of the impressive surroundings at 2908 meters above sea level.
the design by versaci and cassi focuses on three main objectives. firstly, rather than impose on the natural landscape, the architects intended to form a discreet intervention that complements the incredible scenery like an ‘inhabited land art work’. secondly, the cabin is designed to frame key points of view from its elevated position, allowing the rolling peaks of the alps to take center stage. finally, and most importantly, the black body mountain shelter is conceived as a safe place for mountaineers, providing a refuge from extreme weather conditions.
project name: black body mountain shelter / the matteo corradini bivouac
location: dormillouse summit, italy
design by: andrea cassi and michele versaci, with lorenza bianco (cladding) luca giacosa (structure), antonio accotto (geological report), fabrizio carosso and luca borello (interior wooden structures)
wooden structure, casing and assembly: massimo carosso, fabrizio carosso, luca borello, alessia badellino, marco ansalone, cristian alexandru mihai, viorel honceriu, iosif ionel mutescu, iacob alin stiorobelea, andrea soggia, marco soggia, ciprian marian chirila, tibius hapaianu, alessandro lunardi, andrea garizio, alessandro sassi, pier giorgio lunardi, bruno simone
foundations: edilg (giorgio pourpour), perfor (fortunato treve), begni, ricardo ruiz
transport: E+S air srl (andrea pellissier, alessandro pellissier, armando barell)
photography: michele versaci and andrea cassi
the volume of the shelter is defined by a symmetrical hexagonal profile that has been designed to create an ‘optical device’, appearing almost like two telescopes fused together. on each of the short elevations there is a large, unobstructed window, one looking northwards to val thuras and the other to ecrins massif in the south. inside, the interior is wrapped in warm swiss pine surfaces that welcome hikers into a cozy nest. a table occupies the center of the space, which is bookended by three wide steps on either side, leading to the picture-frame windows. at night these steps function as beds, providing a safe resting place in the heart of the mountains.
in addition to the telescope concept, the design by versaci and cassi makes reference to the idea of a black body in physics. similarly to how a black prism absorbs energy and radiates it to the surrounding environment, the black opaque metal cladding of the shelter absorbs heat from the sun and guarantees high thermal performance. the metal shell has also been specified to provide the necessary structural stability during heavy snow that will fall in the high altitude location.
reversibility and environmental sustainability are also key points of the project. the on-site construction of the cabin took just a few days thanks to a system of timber prefabrication. the modules were built and pre-assembled in the workshop then transported by helicopter and reassembled on the mountain top. in addition to this, the small intervention has been designed to be low-impact on the ground as it rests on just 1/4 of its lower surface.
also referred to as the matteo corradini bivouac, the project was conceived by paolo corradini and his family, in loving memory of their son, matteo, who was a passionate mountaineer. realized by michele versaci and andrea cassi as a safe, wooden nest, the emergency shelter can accommodate the many ski mountaineers and hikers who reach the popular alpine summit.
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