자연속으로 사라지다. 드넚은 포도 경작지를 포함하는 풍부한 자연환경은 유네스코 역사유산물로 지정된 지역 특성으로 와이너리를 위한 주거의 풍부한 자산이 된다. 심플한 박공지붕 형태의 주거는 이웃한 기존 주거 및 건축물과 유사한 건축형태로, 장소성에 대한 연계와 현대생활공간에 대한 합리적인 절충점에 서 있다. 이를 통해 주거는 풍부한 자연환경과의 밀착된 경험 유도와 안락한 거주환경을 확보하게 된다.
reviewed by SJ,오사
Casa Do Caseiro (Caretaker’s House) is a charming gatehouse that was designed by Sara Antunes Mário Ferreira Arquitectos (SAMF). Sited at the entrance to Quinta da Boavista, a vintage wine producing farm in Mesão Frio in Portugal’s spectacular Douro Valley, it is the residence of the farm’s caretaker.
Winemaking in the Douro Valley can be traced back to Roman times in this region where the land has been cultivated, reshaped and tamed by human hands across many centuries in order to produce hearty wines. The Douro Valley has been recognised by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site and the municipality of Mesão Frio is home to around sixty vintage winemaking farmhouses. The region is one in which strong connections to tradition go hand in hand with modern production techniques (the majority of the grapes here are still crushed in vats by foot) and a variety of wines, white, red, rosé, sparkling and port wine, are produced. Many of the region’s wine producing farmers are members of the Adega Cooperativa de Mesão Frio and wines in the Douro Valley are purported to be filled with ''soul, softness, aroma and harmony.''
Quinta da Boavista constitutes a part of Mesão Frio’s fertile landscape, cultural history and architectural heritage. Extending beyond its walled boundaries, the Douro Valley stretches out like a vast amphitheatre, replete with a stunning terrain of vines, terraces, small farms and houses. The Quinta da Boavista’s buildings are undergoing both expansion and refurbishment; phase one entailed SAMF Arquitectos replacing an existing agricultural structure with the small caretaker’s house. With an evident regard for both its context and surroundings, the new building is a reinterpretation of a vernacular typology where it retains a form consistent with other structures found on the farm. Incorporating materials already in existence on Quinta da Boavista, the house features white rendered stucco, ceramic roof tiles, walls made with local stone, wooden trellis and woodwork painted in a vivid, bold and deep blue.
Displaying nuances of regional
architectural traditions with aplomb, the caretaker’s home is of the
land and exhibits a character that is an evident contemporary
manifestation of Mesão Frio’s heritage. Whilst its bright exterior
stands confidently against the rustic backdrop of Quinta da Boavista’s
other buildings, its interior is simple, designed without pretence or
unnecessary adornment. Most striking is the use of a rich blue colour on
all of the building’s woodwork seen in its doors, window frames,
trellis, skirting, kitchen cupboards and table. In a small abode that
contains a main living space and kitchen, two bedrooms and a bathroom,
it is this blue that elevates and strengthens the personality of the
house, adding a level of continuity throughout its interior.
A small home with much appeal and promise, Casa Do Caseiro's internal divisions are uncomplicated and ensure there is no wasted use of space. Its windows cleverly frame the surrounding landscape and fill the rooms with an abundance of natural light. The structure’s high point is the combined living space and kitchen, a volume contained under the vault of the roof. It features a rustic wooden tabletop and wood burning stove where one can imagine the farm’s caretaker happily ensconced whilst savouring the soulful softness and aroma of a glass of local port wine after a long day.