콘크리트 웨이브, 그 유연함에 대하여. 건축환경의 지향점은 어반이벤트(도시와 대학 캠퍼스를 연결하는 도시 공용공간) 생성을 목표로 랜드스케이프와 건축을 결합시킨다. 이는 캠퍼스로 부터 확장된 그린환경과 유연한 곡선의 결합으로 언둘레이션(파도형태의 위아래로 움직이는) 콘크리트와 녹화지붕으로 구현된다. -평평한 대지와는 대조적인 장면을 연출하는 인공지형으로 제안된다.- 200미터에 달하는 장중한 길이가 생성하는 역동적인 시퀀스(공간감)는 이곳을 캠퍼스내 공용공간의 핵심지역으로 상승, 어반 가든을 형성한다. 이러한 주변환경(자연)과의 완벽한 조화는 건축에게 그린루프 테라스와 전망 좋은 풍경을, 자연에게는 사람들의 커뮤니티를 증대하는 즐거움을 선사한다.
reviewed by SJ,오사
On a site covering nearly seven hectares in the Cité
Descartes cluster in Marne-la-Vallée lies the Pôle Scientifique et
Technique Paris-Est (PST) which has been baptised the Espace Bienvenue
in memory of Fulgance Bienvenue, inspector general of the Ponts et
Chaussées engineering school and father of the Parisian metro system.
The architectural concept is based on the ambition of creating an exceptional urban event: the Cité Descartes campus. It showcases a vast public area in the centre of a block unique to the new town, which reinforces urban structures and interlinks existing facilities.
Program: university campus
Architects: Jean-Philippe Pargade Architectes
Project management: Jean-Philippe Pargade, Besson-Girard, SNC Lavalin Voxoa, Penicaud Green Building (HQE)
Project management team: Caroline Rigaldiès, Jean-Pierre Lamache, Birgit Eistert, Christophe Aubergeon, Malika Benzemra, Marco Carvalho, Joana César, Paolo Correia, Jean-Patrick Degrave, Emmanuèle Fiquet, Emilie Guyot, Antoine Hermanowicz, Joon-Ho Lee, Aline Marthon, Natacha Nass, Lucy Niney, Audrey Oster, Maxime Parin, Anne-Sophie Richard, Samuel Rimbault, Vincent Sengel, Ji Yeon Song, Marie Suvéran, Arthur Tanner, Van Hai Vu
Client: Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy – Property and Housing actiondelegation
Works budget excluding VAT: €95 million
Area: 35,300 sqm
In an extension of the green setting of the university campus, the creation of a long, undulating concrete structure covered with a landscaped garden contrasts with the flatness of the site. This 200-metre long green slab makes up the large central park, which is magnified at the level of the campus and the city. The architecture is in perfect harmony with the environment, which offers a panoramic view from the green roof terrace. The contrast between the density of the buildings that abut the block to the north and the fresh air of this vast garden enhances the urban landscape. The wooden huts by the Japanese artist Tadashi Kawamata dotted here and there reinforce this feeling.
The new Bienvenue building is flexible, multi-functional and scalable. Its architecture fosters exchanges between the disciplines and the organisation of teamwork. This is achieved with the large multi-purpose area on the ground floor, under the arch. It brings together all the shared functions: library, auditorium, restaurant, sports rooms and a technical area made up of a monumental test hall, laboratories and meeting rooms. The layout of the main reception lobby in the axis that crosses the lobby of the Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées reinforces the complementarity between teaching and research.The office area located in a unit along the Boulevard Newton reconciles the independence and autonomy of each speciality. The shared functions are in glassed areas that are bathed in natural light. They give a feeling of great transparency and perspective and overlook the large park, while the office division is made airy with the patios that contribute the warm atmosphere of the place and the well-being of users.
The architectural approach integrates all the innovations that promote sustainable development. It highlights the relationship between the environment, energy management, servicing and maintenance, hygrothermic and visual comfort.
Special emphasis has been placed on the low-energy target, and the building now has the BBC label. This objective will be achieved through an overall bioclimatic design: orientation and insulation of the building (south facade largely open towards the campus and retrieving solar energy, north facade more closed and thus offering an insulating wall with a strong thermal inertia), natural ventilation, rainwater collection, insulating materials.
The main source of energy for heating and cooling the building is geothermal energy obtained from the groundwater body. The project thus draws its inspiration from a perfect match between a content - laboratories conducting the most innovative research in terms of sustainable development - and its container - the architecture that surrounds and organises it, which is highly environmentally, energy and ecologically efficient.
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