Nakshabid Architects-Aman Mosque
이슬람을 위한 종교시설, 아만 모스크는 기하학적인 패턴 디자인을 통해 단순함 속에 경건함을 표현한다. 상징적인 메타포는 건축을 이용하여 인간과 신을 연결하는 장치로 사용된다. 무방향성인 공간 속에서 각자의 상황에 따라 접근할 수 있는 빌미를 제공한다.
Bengal, a warm humid delta, complex by its nature is the home of multiple cultures and religions. Throughout the course of time people of various cultural and religious background along with their own philosophies, beliefs and the unique techniques of survival came to this land and merged with the existing culture and people which resulted to a rich and diverse culture. The climate is also very much complex and unique by nature due to geographic location. Both these factors have highly governed the architecture of this region. The adaptation of new ideas and techniques have also been very unique.
People adapted new ideologies, new techniques, cultures and rituals and blended with the existing ones. They accepted new forms but transformed its characters. Its climate influences them to behave like such nature. Controlled daylight and provision of cross ventilation are the two very important factors that guides space layout and form attributes. Peripheral semi outdoor spaces ensures defuse day light inside the indoor spaces reducing glare of the sun and also gives the scope to provide large openings in the facades that enables air to pass through the interior spaces. These are the essential factors, along with the influence of culture and heritage signifies the architecture of this region.
Mosque- a holy place of daily prayer, itself carries a distinct characteristics and identity. The place is serene and spiritual, space that takes individual close to the divine entity, form that has its own identity and supremacy. The design process of the mosque started with the idea of embodiment of spirituality by creating calm and serene environment. A pure form is being selected as the main mass in order to adhere to simplicity and singularity, at the same time attempted to explore beyond the limitation that comes with it.
Single geometric form depict the intension of being pure in design approach and formal expression. A single volume of space created by the form accommodates the prayer hall which is significant in its scale and attribute. This massive form is being supported structurally by two crisscrossed arches that helped to create the intended single volume of space without interrupting the continuity of the space. The crisscrossed formation creates the impression of an invisible dome above the prayer hall that symbolizes mosque architecture.
The building mass is surrounded by circular semi outdoor space. This open to sky space is the source of defused light and air inside the main hall. The bottom portion of the building mass is transparent that connects the interior with surroundings. The operable glass doors allow the air to pass through the interior that keeps the space cooler and soothing. The circular semi outdoor space is surrounded by high wall to block the bustling outdoor nuances of heavy industry. The landscape around the semi outdoor is sloped gradually that merges the building mass with its surroundings. This uplifted landscape creates the essence of a sunken courtyard where the building mass rests. The courtyard helps to retain calm and sound environment within the bustling and noisy activity of the industrial premise. As a whole, the built form gives a new image or develops a new language of mosque, that is much more transformed, simple but unique, bold but at the same time merge with surroundings.
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