오르후스 식물정원에 새롭게 디자인, 구축된 온실은 지속가능한 디자인을 근간으로 완성된다. 1969년대 지어진 기존 온실의
확장버전이지만, 기존 기후, 식생과는 별개로 운영되는 새로운 온실은 내부에 다양한 식생을 포괄적으로 수용하는 공간의 확보와 주간에
태양열의 일정한 유입을 위해 컴퓨터 시뮬레이션된 오가닉한 형상과 재료의 사용으로 구축된다. 온실의 형상을 구현하는 튜브는 서로
교차하며 온실공간을 확보하는 주요한 구조체로, 그위에 ETFE를 이용함으로써 이와같은 지속가능한 디자인, 볼륨을 구현한다.
ETFE가 유명해진 것은 이전 에덴프로젝트에서 사용되어 널리 알려졌지만 그보다 베이징 올림픽의 수영장; 워터큐브로 인하여 유명세를 타게 되었다. 가격적인 측면이 부담되지만 건축의 효용성인 측면에서 사용한다면 고려해 볼만한 재질이다.
reviewed by SJ
C. F. Møller Architects, in co-operation with Søren Jensen Rådgivende Ingeniørfirma, has won the architectural competition for a new hothouse in Aarhus Botanic Garden. Sustainable design, new materials and advanced computer technology went into the creation of the hothouse’s organic form.
Architects: C.F. Møller Architects
Location: Møllevejen, Aarhus, Denmark
Area: 3,300 sqm
Photographs: Quintin Lake, Julian Weyer
Engineering: Søren Jensen Rådgivende Ingeniører
Landscape: C.F. Møller Architects
The snail-shaped hothouse in the Botanic Garden in Aarhus is a national icon in hothouse architecture. It was designed in 1969 by C. F. Møller Architects, and is well adapted to its surroundings. Accordingly, it was important to bear the existing architectural values in mind when designing the new hothouse.
“The competition sought an independent and distinctive new palm house, but it was essential for us to ensure that the new building would function well in interplay with the old one,” says Tom Danielsen, architect and partner with C. F. Møller Architects.
The organic form and the large volume, in which the public can go exploring among the tree-tops, present botany and a journey through the different climate zones in a way which will make the new hothouse in Aarhus a future attraction in a pan-European class in hothouse architecture.
The design of the new hothouse is based on energy-conserving design solutions and on a knowledge of materials, indoor climate and technology.
Using advanced calculations, the architects and engineers have optimised their way to the building’s structure, ensuring that its form and energy consumption interact in the best possible manner and make optimal use of sunlight. The domed shape and the building’s orientation in relation to the points of the compass have been chosen because this precise format gives the smallest surface area coupled with the largest volume, as well as the best possible sunlight incidence in winter, and the least possible in summer.
Botanical knowledge centre
The total project also includes a comprehensive restoration of the old hothouse, in which the palm house will become a new botanical knowledge centre aimed at the general public, at the same time as the complex is extended with the new tropical hothouse. The project will be completed in 2013.