PVDRS-The House of Seven Courts
Located on the outskirts of Mehsana, this farmhouse was built for the clients who had just one requirement - a three-bedroom house. Hence the architects were given complete freedom to explore various materials, colors, and building techniques. The house was designed based on the principles of passive design. Maximizing the natural flow of air and daylight was necessary for the hot and dry climate of Gujarat located in western part of India. The transition of open and built spaces highlights the use of colors and the play of light and shadows throughout the house
Site Planning - The mass of the house was placed in the Northeast to capture the cool Southwest Breeze. In the East, dense vegetation was planted to act as a visual and noise barrier from the highway. The remaining part of the site is converted into a landscaped lawn with a curved pathway and various landscaped elements and local plants and trees.
Climate Responsive Design - The Seven Courts - Responding to the hot and dry climate of this region, the spaces are oriented along the North South axis with parallel solid walls along the East and West to reduce solar heat gain. This climatic orientation led to the rise of seven courtyards inside the house, three in the public areas like living and dining, and four private courts attached to the bedrooms and bathrooms. A deep south-west facing verandah is provided to avoid any direct solar gain during summer ensuring the penetration of the early winter sun inside the main spaces.
Planning of Spaces - The house is a single storeyed structure with a living- dining space, kitchen, and three bedrooms. From the approach road, one walks along a linear wall with circular cut-outs that create interesting patterns. At the entry of the house, one is welcomed in the courtyard with a lily pond. There is another courtyard at the junction of these public and private spaces. The entrances of the bedrooms are flanked by a linear court along with private courts for each bedroom. In the NE corner are the servant quarters directly connected to the utility kitchen. The central spine is an essential circulation space of the house. It begins linearly at the arrival court and is twisted at the main entrance of the house. It then moves along the functional spaces, cranks, and leads to the bedrooms. The change of direction notifies the user that they are heading to a more private zone. One can see an interesting pattern of light and shadows throughout their journey along this central spine. All these built spaces are connected to the outer verandah establishing a horizontal connection with the landscaped garden in the front.
Varied Volumes - As a passive design strategy, the habitable rooms were given a greater height than the circulation spaces and the verandahs. The beams of the verandahs were continued in the rooms, and a non- structural wall was constructed above it that supports the ventilators. The windows allow the summer breeze to come in, whereas these ventilators help flush out the hot air, keeping the space much cooler.
Landscape Design - For the landscape, there was a very strong emphasis on selecting local species of indigenous plants like Champa, garmalo, hibiscus, etc. At the entrance, there was a lily pond along with decorative plants like ferns, traveler’s palms, etc. that were very carefully placed across the site. The kitchen has a garden at the back where there were local species of fruits and plants like tulsi, and mint, that were consumed by the owners. The large lawn was a rolling landscaped area with gentle mounds and a blend of fine grass and elephant grass.
덥고 건조한 기후에 대응하는 건축공간을 제안합니다. 동서방향으로 높고 긴 벽은 음영지역을 만들어, 직사광선을 피하는 동시에 바람길을 통해 내부 온도를 조절한다. 내부에 계획된 7개의 중정은 거실, 식당과 같은 공용공간에 연계됩니다. 침실과 욕실과 연계되는 중정도 함께 계획됩니다.